Sample Test Questions for PhD in Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP)

27/02/2015 - 12:21pm

Sample Test Questions for

PhD in Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP)


Test Time: 01 Hour; Total Questions: 50; Total Marks: 100; Passing Marks: 70;


A.     Science, Technology and Innovation Policy

1.       Pakistan National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy was launched in

a. 1993

b. 1948

c.  2005

d. 2012

2.   The Renewable Energy Policy of Pakistan was launched in

a.       2004

b.      2006

c.       2008

d.      2010


B.     Environmental Policy and Industrial Policy

1.       In Polluters Pays Principle, the cost of environmental degradation will be borne by

a.       Govt, innovators & Consumers

b.      Govt., Consumers

c.       Innovators, Consumers

d.      Party responsible for producing pollution

2.       Solar Dehydrator is an example of

a.        Wind Energy

b.      Solar Thermal Devices

c.       Solar Energy

d.      Tidal Energy

3.       Renewable Energy is not being commercialized due to following major reason

a.       Opposition from fossil fuel industry

b.      Govt. lacking interest

c.       Unawareness

d.       All of above



C.      Technology and Innovation System

1.       Which of the following best describes Innovation?

a.       The process of conception, development and commercialization

b.      The thinking of novel ideas

c.       The successful development of a new product

d.      The management process of invention

2.       Most major innovations are the result of:

a.       Extended efforts by experts in that field

b.      Extensive market research

c.       Serendipity

d.      Maverick scientists who stumble by accident on major new discoveries


3.        The technology push model of innovation is characterized by:

a.       Extensive market research

b.      A marketplace that communicates its needs to producers

c.       A marketplace that is a passive receptacle for the fruits of R&D

d.      Extensive consumer research


D.     Research Methods for Social Science

1.       Research can be classified from three perspectives

a.       philosophies, validity and unbiased

b.      controlled, systematic and empirical

c.       rigorous, valid and critical

d.      application, objectives and inquiry mode used

2.       In order to make the research unbiased, it requires that

a.       there is no deliberate attempt to either to conceal or highlight something

b.      quantitative and qualitative methods are to be used

c.       repeatability and accuracy are provided for the quality of measurement procedures used

d.      the solution to the research problem is known in advance

3.       Which of the following best describes quantitative research?

a.        the collection of non-numerical data

b.      an attempt to confirm the researcher’s hypotheses

c.        research that is exploratory

d.      d. research that attempts to generate a new theory


E.      Public Policy

1.        ____ refers to the institutions and political processes through which public policy choices are made.

a. Government
b. Federalism
c. Policy analysis
d. Politics

2.       ____ has been defined as "who gets what, when, and how," or the exercise of power in making decisions of public policy.

a. Equity
b. Feasibility
c. Government
d. Politics

3.       The main reason that government gets involved in addressing a public problem is to 

a. Ensure continuity of externalities

b. Conduct policy analysis

c. Improve policy capacity of states

*d. Ensure that the general “public good” is maintained and protected