“Everything we use today; if it is not GROWN from the earth, it is to be MINED”
Mineral sector always play a pivotal role for industrial development and economic growth of nations. The demand for minerals of all kinds is higher today than ever before, and it continues to increase as the nations of the world strive to improve their standards of living.
Mining is an umbrella field that involves many of the other engineering disciplines as applied to extraction the processing minerals from a naturally occurring environment. The responsibility of the mining engineer is to apply knowledge of pertinent scientific theory, engineering fundamentals, and improved technology to exploit the natural resources productively and economically. Moreover, the integral part of a Mining Engineer’s job is to estimate the natural resources, planning and development of underground and open pit mines of metallic and non-metallic minerals such as Copper, Iron, Coal, China-clay, Granites, etc.
Modern mining engineering is not only with the production and processing of mineral commodities, but also with the mitigation of damage or change to an environment as a result of that production and processing. Engineering disciplines closely related to mining engineering are; Civil engineering, Environmental engineering, Geotechnical engineering, Hydraulic engineering and Electrical engineering.
The undergraduate course was started in 1981 to meet the need for qualified engineers in the field and to participate in the enormous task of exploitation of natural resources. The ultimate goad of the undergraduate studies at Mining Engineering Department is to provide graduates with the skills, academic experience, and education necessary to prepare them to excel as professionals ion the highly diverse industries of mining and underground construction.
Accordingly, the four-year course leading to the degree of “Bachelor of Engineering in Mining” is offered. The curricula are updated to meet the requirements of Mining Industry. The subjects offered in the course includes; Computer Application to Mining Industry, Mineralogy and Petrology, Underground and Surface Mine Design, Drilling Technology, Explosive Engineering, Mineral Processing, Coal Technology, Mine Rescue & Safety, and Mine Management.
Laboratories at mining engineering department are well-equipped to support the class lectures. These laboratories include machinery for rock mechanics and minerals processing, mine ventilation, coal preparation, and surveying. A computer laboratory is established for the use of Students as well as the faculty members. Significant liaison with the Mining industry has also been developed. The students are sent for field visits as well as for internship in order to expose them to the practical situation.
Pakistan is blessed with huge reserves of indigenous coal with 193 billion tons of coal mainly concentrated in Thar region in Sindh province. Thar coal project will be the first mega project of its kind in Pakistan to generate electricity from indigenous vast coal resources for couple of centuries. This project will not only meet the shortage of electricity in the country, but thousands of jobs for engineers, technologists and of other categories including skilled and semi-skilled workers will be created.
The graduates of this department are employed in various public sector including Directorate of Mineral Development, Government of Sindh; Directorate of Sindh, Coal Authority; Government of Sindh; Lakhra Coal Development Company; Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC); Pakistan Mineral Development Corporation (PMDC); Pakistan Steel Mill (Limestone and Dolomite Quarries), Oil and Gas Development Corporation ltd (OGDCL); Saindak Copper-Gold project and many other private organizations for instance Coal mines, Cement factories, Limestone, Marble and Granite quarries, Geotechnical projects (Tunnels, highways, underground structures etc).
The Department of Mining Engineering is actively engaged in various research projects of national importance related to different areas of Mining Industry. Moreover, the Department has developed academic and research linkages with foreign universities such as University of Nottingham, UK University of Leoben, Austria in order to improve the quality of education, research, and faculty development.